Quick Answer: What Are The Long-Term Side Effects Of Antidepressants?

Is antidepressant weight gain permanent?

Researchers at King’s College London found that all twelve of the leading antidepressants — including fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), and escitalopram (Lexapro) — increased risk for weight gain for up to six years after starting treatment..

Can antidepressants cause memory loss?

Tranquilizers, antidepressants, some blood pressure drugs, and other medications can affect memory, usually by causing sedation or confusion. That can make it difficult to pay close attention to new things. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you suspect that a new medication is taking the edge off your memory.

Do antidepressants kill brain cells?

Taken in large doses, antidepressants may also affect the structure of neurons in other ways that we would tend to equate with brain damage. Thus these substances not only re-establish the equilibrium of certain neurotransmitters but also probably produce changes in the structure of numerous neural networks.

Do side effects of antidepressants go away?

Antidepressant side effects often go away after a few weeks, but your doctor may adjust your dosing or recommend a different treatment regimen if needed.

Do antidepressants permanently change your brain?

A single dose of a popular class of psychiatric drug used to treat depression can alter the brain’s architecture within hours, even though most patients usually don’t report improvement for weeks, a new study suggests.

Do you feel better after stopping antidepressants?

Discontinuation symptoms disappear quickly if you take a dose of the antidepressant, while drug treatment of depression itself takes weeks to work. Discontinuation symptoms resolve as the body readjusts, while recurrent depression continues and may get worse.

What is the safest antidepressant?

The investigators recommend sertraline as the best choice for an initial antidepressant because it is available in generic form and is therefore lower in cost. They further recommend that sertraline, instead of fluoxetine or placebo, be the new standard against which other antidepressants are compared.

What are the negatives of antidepressants?

Antidepressants can sometimes cause a wide range of unpleasant side effects, including:nausea.increased appetite and weight gain.loss of sexual desire and other sexual problems, such as erectile dysfunction and decreased orgasm.fatigue and drowsiness.insomnia.dry mouth.blurred vision.constipation.More items…•Mar 9, 2011

Does your brain go back to normal after antidepressants?

The process of healing the brain takes quite a bit longer than recovery from the acute symptoms. In fact, our best estimates are that it takes 6 to 9 months after you are no longer symptomatically depressed for your brain to entirely recover cognitive function and resilience.

What is the hardest antidepressant to come off of?

Hardest-to-Stop Antidepressantscitalopram) (Celexa)escitalopram (Lexapro)paroxetine (Paxil)sertraline (Zoloft)Sep 8, 2020

What happens if you stop antidepressants cold turkey?

It might seem like you don’t need the medication anymore, but if you stop taking it, the medicine will leave your body and your symptoms might return. Quitting without consulting your doctor can be life-threatening. Suicide is a serious concern. It can also trigger withdrawal symptoms and relapse of your depression.

Should I go off my antidepressants?

The best reason to stop taking your antidepressant is because you feel better and you and your doctor believe that you will stay well after you stop taking it. An antidepressant needs time to work. You may need to take it for 1 to 3 weeks before you start to feel better and for 6 to 8 weeks before you feel much better.

What happens if you stop antidepressants suddenly?

Quitting an antidepressant suddenly may cause symptoms within a day or two, such as: Anxiety. Insomnia or vivid dreams. Headaches.

Do antidepressants damage your brain?

We know that antipsychotics shrink the brain in a dose-dependent manner (4) and benzodiazepines, antidepressants and ADHD drugs also seem to cause permanent brain damage (5).

How long does it take to feel normal after quitting antidepressants?

Withdrawal symptoms usually come on within 5 days of stopping the medicine and generally last for up to 6 weeks. Some people have severe withdrawal symptoms that last for several months or more. See your doctor if you get severe withdrawal symptoms after you stop taking antidepressants.

Which antidepressants cause the most weight gain?

The antidepressants most likely to cause weight gain include amitriptyline (Brand name: Elavil), mirtazapine (Remeron), paroxetine (Paxil, Brisdelle, Pexeva), escitalopram (Lexapro), sertraline (Zoloft), duloxetine (Cymbalta), and citalopram (Celexa).

What is the best antidepressant for weight loss?

“We found that bupropion is the only antidepressant that tends to be linked to weight loss over 2 years,” study leader David Arterburn, MD, Group Health Research Institute, Seattle, Washington, said in a Group Health Research Institute news release.

What do antidepressants do to your brain?

Antidepressants work by balancing chemicals in your brain called neurotransmitters that affect mood and emotions. These depression medicines can help improve your mood, help you sleep better, and increase your appetite and concentration.

Are antidepressants bad for your liver?

Liver damage may occur between several days and 6 months after initiation of an antidepressant. All antidepressants can induce hepatotoxicity, especially in elderly patients and those who take multiple pharmaceutical agents.

Is it bad to be on antidepressants for a long time?

Long-term antidepressant users are risking permanent damage to their bodies, according to leading medical experts. Dr Tony Kendrick, a professor of primary care at the University of Southampton, says more urgent action needs to be taken to encourage and support long-term users to come off the medication.

Will I lose weight if I stop antidepressants?

If you decrease your daily calorie intake as a result, you could potentially lose weight by stopping your antidepressants. On the other hand, if you experience loss of appetite with depression, and your depression comes back after stopping antidepressants, you may also lose weight.