Quick Answer: What Are The Side Effects Of Drugs On A Person?

How are drugs excreted from the body?

Most drugs (or metabolites) are excreted by the kidneys.

Three process can occur in renal excretion: glomerular filtration, tubular secretion and passive reabsorption.

Some drugs are eliminated by the liver in the bile and excreted in feces..

What are the importance of drugs?

Medicines can help control things like high blood pressure (hypertension) or high cholesterol. These drugs don’t cure the underlying problem, but they can help prevent some of its body-damaging effects over time. Among the most important medicines are immunizations (or vaccines).

What are the most common side effects of drugs?

Several things can affect who does and does not have a side effect when taking a drug – age, gender, allergies, how the body absorbs the drug, other drugs, vitamins and dietary supplements that you may be taking. Common side effects include upset stomach, dry mouth, and drowsiness.

Which disease is caused by drugs?

Addiction and HIV/AIDS are intertwined epidemics. Drug use can also increase the risk of contracting infections. HIV and hepatitis C (a serious liver disease) can occur from sharing injection equipment or from unsafe practices such as condom-less sex.

How long do drug side effects last?

Most side effects are temporary and will go away after you take the medicine for a few weeks. Some side effects may not go away, but usually there are ways you can learn to manage these problems. If the side effects bother you, your doctor may be able to lower your dose or change your medicine.

Why is medicine bad for you?

The risks of medicines are the chances that something unwanted or unexpected could happen to you when you use them. Risks could be less serious things, such as an upset stomach, or more serious things, such as liver damage.

What are useful drugs?

Top 10 most important drugs in history5 reasons why the German life science market keeps on growing. Hutan Fatemi.Penicillin – 1942. Penicillin was first developed in 1928, but started to be used in 1942. … Insulin – 1922. … Smallpox vaccine. … Morphine – 1827. … Aspirin – 1899. … Polio vaccine. … Chlorpromazine or thorazine – 1951. … More items…

What can you say about say no to drugs?

And although many drugs are illegal or legal only with a prescription, people may offer them to you. … In a firm voice, tell the person you don’t want to drink or use drugs. Say something like: “No, I’m sorry, but I don’t use….”

How does drugs affect the body?

The action of drugs on the human body is called pharmacodynamics, and what the body does with the drug is called pharmacokinetics. The drugs that enter the human tend to stimulate certain receptors, ion channels, act on enzymes or transporter proteins. As a result, they cause the human body to react in a specific way.

How do drugs cause side effects?

What causes an adverse effect?dosage, which may need adjusting.an individual reaction to an ingredient in the drug.a drug killing one type of unwanted cell but also destroying healthy cells.interactions between drugs.

Do all drugs have side effects?

All medicines can cause side effects, including prescription, over-the-counter and complementary medicines. Complementary medicines include herbal preparations, vitamins, and some products dispensed by naturopaths and other practitioners of complementary medicine.

How can I reduce the side effects of drugs?

How to Deal With Side Effects of MedicineAsk for Help. When your doctor prescribes a new medicine, ask about common side effects. … Make a List of All Your Medicines. When you talk to your doctor, have a list of all other medications or supplements you’re taking — both prescription and over-the-counter. … Get Your Doctor’s OK.Jul 23, 2015