Quick Answer: What Are The Social Factors That Contribute To Substance Abuse In South Africa?

What are three factors that affect teen alcohol use?

Here is a list of risk factors according to NIH:Early aggressive behavior This risk factor is usually seen in early childhood.Little parental supervision.Peer drug and alcohol abuse.Availability of drugs.Low income.Jan 21, 2012.

How does substance abuse affect education?

First, substance use itself may impair cognitive development which, in turn, reduces academic achievement and disrupts academic progression. Recent studies have shown that heavy adolescent substance use can lead to problems with working memory and attention due to changes in adolescent brain activity [5].

What are major social factors that influence substance use and abuse in college?

Social Risk Factors. Social factors that contribute to increased risk for adolescent substance use include deviant peer relationships, popularity, bullying, and association with gangs.

What is the most commonly abused substance?

Marijuana (cannabis) refers to the dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica plant and is the most commonly used illicit substance. It is now legal in some states for medical and recreational use.

What are the causes of substance abuse in South Africa?

Commonly abused substances in the area are alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, inhalants and home brewed concoctions. Identified risk factors include poverty, lack of employment opportunities for young people, peer pressure, boredom and lack of recreational facilities as well as lack of parental care.

What are the most common type of substance of abuse among Filipino?

The most commonly used drug in the Philippines is a variant of methamphetamine called shabu or “poor man’s cocaine.” According to a 2012 United Nations report, the Philippines had the highest rate of methamphetamine abuse among countries in East Asia; about 2.2% of Filipinos between the ages 16–64 years were …

How does culture affect Drug Administration?

Culture influences patients’ response to recommended treatments and medication adherence. An understanding of a patient’s culture, integrated with the healthcare provider’s culturally appropriate interventions, can promote improved adherence and patient outcomes.

What is the most common substance abuse in South Africa?

AlcoholAlcohol is the most common substance of abuse among adult population in SA. Although a relatively low proportion of South Africans report drinking alcohol (27,9%)³, those who do often drink at harmful or hazardous levels, particularly on weekend⁴.

What are the consequences of substance abuse in South Africa?

Besides personal and family distress, additional healthcare costs and loss of future productivity place burdens on the community. Mental health problems such as depression, developmental lags, apathy, withdrawal, and other psychosocial dysfunctions frequently are linked to substance abuse among adolescents.

What are the 4 types of drug?

What types of drug are there?stimulants (e.g. cocaine)depressants (e.g. alcohol)opium-related painkillers (e.g. heroin)hallucinogens (e.g. LSD)

What other factors might contribute to substance use in emerging adulthood?

The peak in prevalence across emerging adulthood may be due to several factors, including freedom from constraint, increased peer pressure, less than optimal decision-making skills, high disinhibition, and increased stress during this developmental period.

What is the Dangerous Drugs Board report all about?

The DDB was mandated to be the policy-making and coordinating agency as well as the national clearing house on all matters pertaining to law enforcement and control of dangerous drugs; treatment and rehabilitation of drug dependents; drug abuse prevention, training and information; research and statistics on the drug …

How is substance abuse defined?

As used in this discussion, substance abuse refers to excessive use of a drug in a way that is detrimental to self, society, or both. This definition includes both physical dependence and psychologic dependence.

How are drugs affecting the youth of today?

Substance-abusing youth are at higher risk than nonusers for mental health problems, including depression, conduct problems, personality disorders, suicidal thoughts, attempted suicide, and suicide.

What sociocultural factors influence drug use abuse and treatment?

Social Model Social components influencing addiction include, though not exhaustively, neighbourhood crime, availability of the substance, tolerance and acceptance of drug use and poor support from community and society in battling the problem [6].

What is an example of substance abuse?

Substance abuse can simply be defined as a pattern of harmful use of any substance for mood-altering purposes. “Substances” can include alcohol and other drugs (illegal or not) as well as some substances that are not drugs at all.

What is RA 9165 all about?

Philippines (National level) Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 (Republic Act No. 9165). An Act instituting the Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002, Repealing Republic Act No. 6425, otherwise known as the Dangerous Drugs Act of 1972, as Amended, providing Funds therefor, and for other purposes.

What are three effects of drugs on an unborn fetus?

Illicit Drugs Illicit drug use during pregnancy may cause miscarriage, preterm labor, birth defects, stillbirth, withdrawal symptoms in the baby after birth, a higher risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), poor fetal growth rate, and cognitive and behavioral problems.

Is substance abuse a social determinant of health?

Poverty, adverse childhood experiences, intergenerational trauma, and intergenerational substance use are all social determinants of health influenced by structural racism.

How widespread is substance abuse in South Africa?

The statistics showed that the use of cannabis, cocaine, and tik was twice as much in South Africa as worldwide. Alcohol abuse was a major problem in South Africa and an estimated two million people could be classified as problem drinkers. The socio-economic cost of alcohol abuse was an estimated R130 billion per year.

What are the factors contributing to substance abuse?

Genetics, family history, mental health, and the environment are some of the risk factors for substance abuse susceptibility. The connection between substance abuse and addiction has an inherited component, often runs in families, and can be passed down from parent to child.