When Should You Suspect Multiple Sclerosis?

How do you rule out MS?

A complete neurological exam and medical history are needed to diagnose MS .

There are no specific tests for MS .

Instead, a diagnosis of multiple sclerosis often relies on ruling out other conditions that might produce similar signs and symptoms, known as a differential diagnosis..

Is it better to be diagnosed with MS later in life?

Late-onset MS shows similar nervous system changes as early onset MS. But when you develop the condition later in life, it may progress faster. Older adults with MS have a greater risk of the primary progressive form of the condition as well.

Can MS be confused with something else?

Sometimes called the great imitator, lupus commonly displays symptoms associated with another disease, such as MS. Lupus and MS can be diagnosed simultaneously, although that is less common than being diagnosed with one disease, and then later, diagnosed with the other.

What does MS attack feel like?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) attacks can include tingling, numbness, fatigue, cramps, tightness, dizziness, and more. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder in which your own antibodies (autoantibodies) start attacking and destroying the nerve cells of your body.

What are the four stages of MS?

Four disease courses have been identified in multiple sclerosis: clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), primary progressive MS (PPMS), and secondary progressive MS (SPMS).

What triggers an MS attack?

Possible triggers of an MS exacerbation can include: Infection: Viral, bacterial, and fungal infections may trigger an MS exacerbation. People with MS may wish to take steps to reduce their risk of infection, such as avoiding people with colds. Vaccinations: Certain vaccines may have links to triggering an MS relapse.

What does an MS headache feel like?

They are usually moderate to severe in intensity, last for longer than four hours if not treated, get worse with activity, feel throbbing and pulsating or are duller or more stabbing. The migraine headache is also accompanied by nausea and/or difficulty with light and loud noises.

At what age is MS typically diagnosed?

These factors may increase your risk of developing multiple sclerosis: Age. MS can occur at any age, but onset usually occurs around 20 and 40 years of age. However, younger and older people can be affected.

How can I test myself for MS?

a full neurological examination. MRI scans of the brain, spine or both to look for MS plaques. a spinal tap to look for signs of inflammation and certain immune proteins that are often present in people with MS. blood tests to rule out other disorders.

What can mimic MS?

The Diseases that Mimic Multiple Sclerosis (MS)Hypermobility Syndrome. … Lupus. … Vitamin B12 deficiency. … Central Serous Chorioretinopathy. … Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO) … Inflammation. … Vision Loss Caused by Other Factors.Aug 7, 2018

Are multiple sclerosis symptoms constant?

The symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) can differ from person to person. They may be mild or they may be debilitating. Symptoms may be constant or they may come and go.

How long can you live with untreated MS?

In a large 2015 study published in the journal Neurology, scientists compared 5,797 people who had MS with 28,807 people who didn’t but who did have things in common like age and location. The study found that people with MS lived to be 75.9 years old, on average, compared to 83.4 years old for those without.

What was your first sign of MS?

While some people experience fatigue and numbness, severe cases of MS can cause paralysis, vision loss, and diminished brain function. Common early signs of multiple sclerosis (MS) include: vision problems. tingling and numbness.

How long can MS go undiagnosed?

Benign MS can’t be identified at the time of initial diagnosis; it can take as long as 15 years to diagnose. The course of MS is unpredictable, and having benign MS doesn’t mean that it can’t progress into a more severe form of MS.

Does MS cause weight gain?

It’s also common for people with MS to gain weight due to their symptoms. It’s important to try and reach a moderate weight and maintain it. Being overweight or underweight can worsen MS symptoms. Read on to learn how to maintain a moderate weight with MS.

What happens with untreated MS?

And if left untreated, MS can result in more nerve damage and an increase in symptoms. Starting treatment soon after you’re diagnosed and sticking with it may also help delay the potential progression from relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) to secondary-progressive MS (SPMS).

Is itching a sign of MS?

Pruritis (itching) is a form of dysesthesias and may occur as a symptom of MS. It is one of the family of abnormal sensations — such as “pins and needles” and burning, stabbing, or tearing pains — which may be experienced by people with MS. These sensations are known as dysesthesias, and they are neurologic in origin.